Marcel Lajos Breuer (/ˈbrɔɪ.ər/ BROY-ər; 21 May 1902 – 1 July 1981), was a Hungarian-born modernist architect, and furniture designer.
At the Bauhaus he designed the Wassily Chair and the Cesca Chair which is “among the 10 most important chairs of the 20th century.” Breuer extended the sculpture vocabulary he had developed in the carpentry shop at the Bauhaus into a personal architecture that made him one of the world's most popular architects at the peak of 20th-century design. His work includes art museums, libraries, college buildings, office buildings, and residences. Many are in a Brutalist architecture style, including the former IBM Research and Development facility which was the birthplace of the first personal computer.
Marcel Breuer left his hometown at the age of 18 in search of artistic training and was one of the first and youngest students at the Bauhaus – a radical arts and crafts school that Walter Gropius had founded in Weimar just after the First World War. He was recognized by Gropius as a significant talent and was quickly put at the head of the Bauhaus carpentry shop. Gropius was to remain a lifelong mentor for a man who was 19 years his junior.
After the school moved from Weimar to Dessau in 1925, Breuer returned from a brief sojourn in Paris to join older faculty members such as Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee as a Master, eventually teaching in its newly established department of architecture.
Asilo Sonnhalde, Lucerna (CH), 1968/1972
Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington (USA), 1968
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (USA), 1966
Palazzo dell'Unesco (in collaborazione con Pier Luigi Nervi), Parigi (F), 1959
Casa Breuer, New Canaan, Connecticut (USA), 1951
Aluminium City Terrace (in collaborazione con Walter Gropius), New Kensington, Pennsylvania (USA), 1940/1941
Chamberlain House (in collaborazione con Walter Gropius), Wayland, Massachusetts (USA), 1940/1941
Frank House (in collaborazione con Walter Gropius), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA), 1939/1940
Casa Harnischmacher, Wiesbaden, 1934 J. Ford House (in collaborazione con Walter Gropius), Lincon, Massachusetts (USA), 1938/1939
Gropius House (in collaborazione con Walter Gropius), Lincon, Massachusetts (USA), 1937/1938
Complesso residenziale Doldertal, Zurigo, 1935/1936
Casa Saier, Glanville, Francia, 1972-1973 (con Mario Jossa e lo scultore Nerone Ceccarelli )
The African Chair, 1921, con la tessitrice Gunta Stölzl Sedia Wassily, 1925
Sedia B32 "Cesca", 1928
Poltrona B 35, 1928-29
Lettino n. 313, 1932