One of the peculiarities of the desert countries are a series of buildings and public areas called TOGETHER, or in Persian MAJMUEH for example the ABNIEH AMADEDIN SET in KASHAN, the MIRCHAGHMAGH SET in YAZD, the VAKIL SET in SHIRAZ and the Complex by GANJ ALI KHAN in KERMAN.
The purpose of these constructions apparently was to have a more comfortable and safe life, and with all the necessary services (toilets), there was also an economic reason why there was an effective saving on construction costs, the result was greater convenience at a lower cost. Certainly this type of construction can only be successful when the country was at peace and with a certain stability of government. Most of these SETS in Kerman and in particular those in its surroundings such as in the cities of Sirjan, Bam, Ravar have the CARAVANSERRAGLI, another construction linked to the Caravanserai is the AB AMBAR (water tank) these AB AMBAR as the AB AMBAR of KHAJEH in YAZD, and the AB AMBAR of GANJ ALI KHAN in KERMAN meet the needs of supplying water to the city for a period of two to six months. The Caravanserai were real places of commerce, where the most widespread trade and transactions of the time took place, they were therefore also favored by governments that imposed their taxes.
MOSQUE and MADRESE were also part of the construction program of the ASSEMBLY; in MADRESE the main elements that the governor believed for internal politics were taught, instead in the mosque people came three times a day to pray and hear religious phrases, also used as a forum for the administration of justice and cultural meetings, a system of minor neighborhood mosques also multiplied the water distribution network destined for periodic ritual ablutions, that is, for the personal hygiene of citizens. The BAZAR is connected in every way with the CARAVANSERRAGLI in fact the BAZAR rarely organized in open spaces, more often formed by a dense network of passages generally covered in the center of the city, some of which have monumental vaulted rooms, also equipped with deposits and spaces for animals and real hotels that reproduce the structure and use of CARAVANSERRAGLI in the city. Other recurrent building typologies widespread in all Islamic cities are the Baths (HAMMAM) and the public fountains (ceshme).
The Ganjali Khan Complex
is a Safavid-era building complex, located in the old center of city of Kerman, Iran. The complex is composed of a school, a square, a caravanserai, a bathhouse (hammam), an Ab Anbar (water reservoir), a mint, a mosque and a bazaar.
The Ganjali Khan Complex was built by Ganj Ali Khan who governed Kerman
, Sistan and Kandahar provinces from 1596 to 1621 under Safavid Shah Abbas I. A number of inscriptions laid inside the complex indicate the exact date when these places have been built. The architect of the complex was Mohammad Soltani from Yazd.
The complex covers an area of 11,000 square meters and is centered on a large public square—ninety-nine meters by fifty-four meters-which is aligned with Vakil Bazaar running east–west to its south. The square is enveloped by bazaar arcades to the north, south and west and is flanked by the Ganjali Caravanserai to the east. The entrance to the Ganjali bathhouse is located along a section of Vakil Bazaar south of the square, known as Ganjali Khan Bazaar. The complex was built in Isfahani style of architecture.
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