The design of spaces intended for education and child education must necessarily satisfy a specific requirement framework and must consider some elements proper to these building typologies. Nursery schools must be flexible and ensure functionality and comfort over time, through the offer of spaces able to transform and shape themselves on changing needs. Each environment must adapt to the activities to be carried out in a group and to those intended for the individual, ensuring a favorable climate and stimulating children's creativity and interaction. In addition, each room must be properly lit and ventilated in order to guarantee a good level of psycho-physical comfort. In summary, since the environment contributes to the correct development of the growth of the youngest, influencing their mood, character and reactivity, it is good that from the first design stages some essential characteristics are taken into consideration to obtain a successful result.
The structure must be accessible and free of architectural barriers. The entrance is preferable if located in a position set back from the road and easily accessible.
Stairs and connecting elements
Given that kindergartens and kindergartens usually develop on one floor, it may happen that the structure is distributed over several floors. In this case, the service stairs must have treads at least 25cm wide and ensure the safety of the little ones through the use of strings of non-slip material. Corridors and horizontal distribution elements, on the other hand, must be at least 2 meters wide.
The areas intended for educational activities must ensure a minimum area of 7 m2 for each child. For the homework and creative work carried out at the table, the net area is 2 m2 for each pupil. Regardless of the number and age of the children, the sections must ensure that activities are carried out in free movement, in relational and cognitive development, promoting independence and at the same time the interaction of small users.
These spaces must be properly ventilated and illuminated thanks to the presence of openings to the outside, positioned at a suitable height that guarantees the safety and safety of children. Each service serves 4 sections and for all it is necessary to comply with the rules on hygiene and health.
These are areas of fundamental importance: measured on a minimum of 10 m2 per child. They must be fenced to ensure safety and equipped in order to stimulate users of the game and free run. In addition, it is good that there is an intermediate area between inside and outside, which is sheltered and paved with safe and long-lasting finishes.
Among the technical requirements:
- Articulation of the rooms on one level
- Distribution of sections not in the basement or basement
- Plant safety even in the event of structural changes or typological replacements
- Absence of architectural barriers
- Use of non-toxic and safe materials that guarantee respiratory and olfactory well-being
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