The plasterboard: the number one ally of renovations
is one of the most used materials in construction today, both in the design from scratch and in the interventions on the existing one. More and more users require partition walls and false ceilings, but also furnishing solutions such as plasterboard kitchens
. In fact, thanks to the extreme versatility and simple processing, with this material it will be possible to design ad hoc dividing elements and construction components even within already built environments.
So let's see what the characteristics of plasterboard
are and what results its use leads to.
What does plasterboard consist of
As already mentioned, it is a material widely used in construction, which has its origins in the USA, in the early 1900s. Soon from America, its use spread to northern Europe and later throughout the world. During the 1960s, the material arrived in Italy but it was still necessary to wait some time for its great potential to be discovered.
The plasterboard is a natural product, consisting of a central body in plaster and two sheets of sturdy cardboard, positioned on the two external sides in order to protect it. These are raw materials present in large quantities in nature and for this reason, in addition to representing a sustainable solution
, it also boasts a low cost. In industries, the module is processed and obtained through the mixture of gypsum, binders and water. The material is sold in panels that can have variable dimensions. The measurements are chosen according to the specific need and usually the standard length corresponds to 1.20 meters, while the most requested thickness is 13 mm. In addition, thanks to the addition of specific substances, the panel can provide optimized performances from an acoustic and moisture resistance point of view.
Example of how through custom-designed plasterboard elements, space can change and take on specific functions
Among the many advantages of this material, we find the versatility of use
, in fact it can be used in public and private areas, in all indoor environments and for many needs. Furthermore, it is a sustainable and easy to install solution; in fact, it requires less time than traditional building materials and guarantees greater cleaning during the fixing phase.
Drywall and dry mounting
The composition of the plasterboard panel allows to simplify the assembly phase. In fact, it is a modular system that requires a simplified installation but not therefore achievable through the simple do-it-yourself. It is always good to turn to professionals in the sector to obtain an optimal and long-lasting result.
First of all, the plasterboard panel should contain a good thermal insulator such as rock wool or expanded polystyrene. In this way the wall will be more performing and over time will ensure greater comfort for users.
The compositional system of the plasterboard sheets includes two main elements: the actual module and the anchoring structure. The latter consists of galvanized steel elements, which are fixed to the load-bearing walls of the building subject to the intervention. The connection is made thanks to the use of specific metal plugs positioned on the wall or ceiling, depending on the type of solution chosen. Once the frame is anchored, the plasterboard module is welded to it. Sometimes, in the case of suspended ceilings, the panels can be hung through vertical steel elements. As far as the laying between the different slabs is concerned, there must be a connecting mesh, above which the layer of stucco will be applied.
To view the graphic representation of the plasterboard fixing click here
It is therefore clear that assembly is quicker than the usual construction processes that use traditional materials. Times are shortened also thanks to the possibility of hiding the systems inside walls and false ceilings. The yard is also cleaner as each module is prefabricated and therefore ready to be anchored. Finally, in case you want to make changes or eliminate plasterboard elements, the removal is very fast and does not imply damage to the pre-existence as each wall will only be resting on the floor.
In the face of multiple advantages, the only most critical aspect concerns the strength of the plasterboard walls; in fact, these do not withstand strong impacts and if you want to anchor shelves or suspended elements it will be necessary to act with due care.
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