In the context of the contemporary urban landscape, parks and public gardens play a fundamental role for the link between man and the now almost lost natural element.
Both are called upon to respond to similar needs (recreational, leisure, recreational, sports), they must be easily reachable from the entire urban fabric and must guarantee easy accessibility for all. However, there are some aspects that differentiate the urban park from the neighborhood garden, first of all the dimension: we start talking about urban parks starting from 10,000 m2 of surface, while below this value we talk about the garden.
The vast urban park is often located on the edge of the city and serves a hygienic-recreational function. Thanks to its generous dimensions, there are many activities that can be placed there; these are real functional areas structured according to standard schemes and rules. The lawn solution is the predominant one because it is easy to maintain, and is aimed at highlighting the overall vastness.
If the park is located in areas affected by suburban expansion, you could find areas used for vegetable gardens and spaces that recreate specific natural habitats, in order to develop and protect animal species that contribute to the ecosystem balance.
The parks can be classified into:
- URBAN PARKS → medium size, formal aspect, recreational-recreational activities
- METROPOLITAN PARKS → large dimensions, large number of users
- METROPOLITAN BELT PARKS → ecological protection, agricultural activities
In general, it can be seen that the greater the presence of the vegetable component, the less the design intensity of the architectural component corresponds.
Today they fulfill an important social function since they can be used daily by the inhabitants of the neighborhood who consider them a reference point and a meeting place on holidays.
The design of these spaces requires attention, below are some small design tricks:
- a correct placement of the shrubs ensures the alternation of shaded areas and sunny areas
- the choice of plant species can be varied but must involve an undemanding maintenance. Indigenous types are to be preferred
- the alternation of green areas with paved and equipped spaces, guarantees the easy performance of recreational and sports activities and moments of rest
- the absence of architectural barriers must be guaranteed in an unconditional manner from the first project phases, so as to allow access also to people with disabilities.