Sustainability Habitat 2020 - THE HOUSE AS A LIVING ORGANISM
Today, our habitat is highly dependent on energy and water. The energy crisis, the scarcity of clean water, global warming and environmental pollution are global problems. The project is based on the development of sustainable construction for not so much future urban megacities in China in 2020.
The Philips project explores the possible integration of electrical mechanisms and bio-chemical functionality in building materials. This type of concept fundamentally changes the current approach that the designer has with buildings and habitat. The materials used to construct the surfaces of buildings are no longer seen as "inert" as is currently the case, but "alive" and able to actively react to the external conditions of the environment, membranes used to harness energy. Membranes that create systems of strong relationships between the outside and inside of the house, used as communicating vehicles, collecting and redistributing water, air and light.
The external cladding of the building behaves like a "sensitive skin", actively reacts to sunlight and automatically switches to the most efficient position to radiate light and generate energy. By letting in more or less light, there will be a great saving of electricity during the day. Natural light will bring not only great savings but also health and well-being to people.
The skin of the building reacts to the wind. The passage of air through these membranes generates energy and the properly filtered air will enter the building clean. Compressed and dissipated through these "natural funnels" the injected air will be cooled in order to condition the internal environments in a natural way.
The active skin of the building is able to recover water both in winter, collecting rainwater, and in summer with the humidity present in the condensed air on the facade.
Through a purification process, it is recycled for internal closed-circuit uses, so as to optimize the consumption of fresh water.
Organic waste will be transformed into energy with the exploitation of biogas, which will be used for space heating, and for the production of hot water.