Also in the case of sliding windows, since the load must be equally distributed between the upper floor and the floor of the environment, it will be necessary to insert an additional structure that performs this task. Depending on the physical conformation of the glass wall, metal, iron or wood profiles will be created which will have to be made to measure in order to guarantee an original and harmonious final appearance. In addition, the glazing elements must ensure stability and strength so that the decorative crystals will not change their position, remaining locked inside the supporting structure.
Over time it is advisable to ensure the correct conservation of the decorative windows, in order to keep their colors and brilliance unchanged. In the case of frosted and drawn glass, during the cleaning operations it is advisable to avoid using abrasive products, paying greater attention and attention to details. The load-bearing structure of the window must also be preserved, so as not to compromise its integrity and function. If the profiles are made of steel, it is necessary to protect them from any corrosive products, while if the predominant material is wood, it will be advisable to use non-toxic substances that respect their natural properties.
In addition to installation and maintenance, it is of fundamental importance that the interior glazing chosen complies with current legislation. In this regard, it is good that the security measures essential to preserve the safety of those who live in the house are ensured. For this reason, the glass used for the panels that make up the internal glazing must be certified and ensure a good level of quality. In conclusion, the insertion of a wall or a glass door inside your home requires particular attention in the choice, installation and maintenance, in order to ensure durability and safety over time.
The charm of the Liberty style decorative glass window
Glass is a versatile and elegant material, used since ancient times for the manufacture of decorative glass used in churches, monuments and luxurious residences. In the Middle Ages the Gothic cathedrals represented a famous example of majesty and the decorated crystal of windows and walls was an important element from a symbolic point of view. In fact, thanks to the mosaic technique sacred scenes were represented and the small fragments of colored glass were able to filter the light creating spectacular plays of color. In the following decades, the production of glass underwent numerous changes and developed and perfected. During the Renaissance period leaded windows were introduced, characterized by small crystals connected by lead wire. This technique received a good consensus until it found its maximum diffusion during the nineteenth century, when the manufacture of glass began to become partly automated. It is from this period that we witness a progressive rise of decorated windows, until the early 1900s when, with the Art Nouveau
, they found maximum use. These were elements affixed to adorn gates, windows and interior doors but also partitions and wall panels, inside luxury residences.
The realization of the glass was performed with craftsmanship and care, contrasting sharply with industrialization and homologation.
The decorative motifs of the Liberty windows took up the themes of nature and the organic world, through the depiction of natural elements such as leaves, vine trellises, flowers and fruits. In this way, decorative windows for residential interiors created a continuum between inside and outside, giving the rooms fluidity and brightness. Furthermore, thanks to the possibility of creating the glass panels that adorned windows and partitions on a project basis, the rooms could be customized and equipped with extreme elegance.
The design of the frames and doors was also custom designed and the glass that made up the panels could be opalescent or glossy, multicolored or monochromatic. Thanks to the insertion of these artistic windows, the light filtered into the rooms making them welcoming and unique. Among the major exponents of the production of decorative Art Nouveau glass windows is the American Louis Comfort Tiffany who introduced some technological innovations. First of all, the replacement of the lead wire with the copper cord, between one piece of glass and another. Thanks to the constant commitment to perfecting production techniques, Tiffany achieved unexpected results, bringing the use of interior glass to splendor. Even in Italy, albeit with a delay compared to other countries, the Art Nouveau current represented a flourishing period for the production of glass. Just think of the valuable examples of stained glass that characterize the Art Nouveau buildings in Piedmont, Lombardy and Sicily. In Turin, these decorative elements found maximum diffusion also thanks to the presence in the area of the important glass workshop Albano and Macario, founded in 1899.
The decorative stained glass windows of the highest quality, produced by this company, were distinguished by the mixture of glass mosaics and painted and decorated sections. Among the most famous examples of Liberty style stained glass windows
,work of the aforementioned Turin laboratory, we can recall those of the Solferino Terrace, an ancient relevance of a residential building from the 1900s and today home to offices and rooms for events and conferences. These are stained glass windows of particular artistic value, preserved to this day as a testimony of the mastery and craftsmanship of the past. In this period, the decorative glass components not only affected the interiors but also the windows, doors and bow windows of the Art Nouveau buildings. In Turin, examples are the bow-window of Casa La Fleur, the windows of the corridor on the ground floor of Villino Raby, both by the architect Pietro Fenoglio, and also the door of Palazzo della Vittoria and the large windows of Villa Scott, in this case both are the work of the engineer Gottardo Gussoni.
Bow-window of Casa Fenoglio-Lafleur, Pietro Fenoglio - Turin, 1902 and on the right the decorated glass windows of Villa Scott, Gottardo Gussoni - Turin, 1902
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